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Our aim at Telferscot is to equip children with the skills and knowledge to become active, confident and critical Geographers. Throughout their time at Telferscot, we aim for pupils to develop a deep understanding of their local, diverse area and begin to compare this to the wider world. We strive for learners to understand how local and global issues can significantly impact their environment. Our Geographers consider the impacts of human activity on the environment and begin to challenge views, suggesting alternatives. By the end of KS2, we aim for children to be adept at justifying their views and considering the influence of their decisions.  

We believe it is important to make geography real and relevant to our pupils so we carefully choose our topics to reflect our children's backgrounds. Telferscot takes pride in its diverse community, celebrating our different cultures and backgrounds. We believe it is important that children are given the opportunity to explore different maps such as a Peters Projection Map to consider the true scale of countries in proportion to others. Considering different perspectives can encourage children to challenge their views of the world. Pupils are encouraged to be inquisitive and continue to seek answers to their own geographical questions using skills they have developed throughout their learning.  


How Geography is taught at Telferscot 


At Telferscot, geography is taught in three blocks: Autumn 2, Spring 2 and Summer 2. Our curriculum is designed to build upon prior learning and allows children to deepen their understanding of each topic children use a wide range of resources such as maps and atlases to consolidate their knowledge of the world. This enables children to become independent learners, exploring places for themselves. 

What our children learn about in Geography


Autumn 2 

Spring 2 

Summer 2 


In nursery, geography learning happens throughout the year. In spring 2, children learn about the four countries in the UK. Topics are tailored to the cohort to make learning more relevant for them. During maths, children begin to explore directional and positional language. 


All About Me 

The children look at their connections to countries around the world. The concept of Continents and Countries are introduced. Learning is tailored to ensure it is relevant for the cohort.  
Children explore the different Celebrations around the World. With each Celebration we discuss where in the world people celebrate.  

Trip Around the World Children explore similarities and differences in different locations- Australia, India, Antarctica and Arctic. They begin to compare these places to the UK. 


Arts and Literature Festival (Summer 1)  

The focus is now on London. Children will explore maps and travel around the city.  

Year 1 

Mapping Our Habitat 

The children use a map of the school grounds to locate different habitats.  


Our Local Area 

The children will think about their local area and will name key places in their local community. They will look at maps of the surrounding area and will take a trip to Tooting Common. 


School Improvements 

Children will use symbols to represent the different areas/buildings on their maps of the school. They will design their own dream forest school plan and begin to discuss the practicalities of their designs. 

Year 2 

Seasons and the Weather 

The children will explore the conditions plants need to grow and how the weather in certain areas of the world affect this. They will explore how weather varies between the poles and the equator. 

UK and Its Place in the World 

This topic allows children to identify the four countries in the United Kingdom. They will begin to develop an understanding of the physical and human features in each of the countries. They will then have a chance to compare this to a non-European country.  

Features of Our World 

This topic allows children to build on their knowledge of human and physical geographical features. The children will use aerial maps of their local area, in addition to the UK. They will be given the opportunity to create their own maps of their school.  

Year 3 

Comparing Places in the UK. 

This topic builds on their work from year 2 and looks at the different counties in the UK. The use of maps allows children to explore the key topographical features of the counties. 

Bird’s Eye View 

Throughout this topic, the children will explore and analyse aerial photos of different areas, such as woodlands or farmlands, from different times of the year.  

Questioning Our Environment 

This topic aims to let the children become critical thinkers by exploring how and why their local area has changed. The children will go on a trip to Balham and Tooting Common.  

Year 4 

Living in Different Conditions 

In this topic, children will begin to understand that people from different parts of the world have differing qualities of living and will explore the effect this has on them. They will explore how changes to the environment has impacted living things.  

Natural Resources and the Changing World 

The children will develop an understanding of their locality set in a wider geographical context. Children will learn about features and resources in their locality. Children will explore the water cycle and where water originates from in different areas. 


Geographical Skills and Fieldwork 

This topic allows children to study the British coastline, looking at changes overtime due to erosion. A trip to the local common allows children to explore maps and deepen their knowledge of using 6 figure grid references. 

Year 5 

Longitude and Latitude 

Children will learn about the significance of the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones. They will explore weather patterns across the globe.  

World Geography and a North America Study 

Children will build on prior learning and recognise the shapes of countries. Their prior knowledge of the UK will strengthen their learning as they continue to locate significant cities. They will compare the physical and human features of a region of the UK to one in North America, thinking about the similarities and differences between the areas. 

Changes to the landscape over time 

Children will begin to explore how the environment has changed and how humans have affected these changes. They will consider the reasons behind the changes and how humans can sustain their environment for future generations. 

Year 6 

Physical Geography 

Children will use comparison skills when comparing three diverse areas. They will be introduced to physical features. 

Comparing and Contrasting Cities and Countries 

With the support of maps and atlases, children will identify and locate countries in Europe and Americas. Children will explore characteristics and topographical features of UK counties and cities. They will continue to explore how these have changed over time.  

Developing Our Community 

Children will research amenities in the local area and begin to question things that may be lacking. They will start to consider the potential barriers to building such as noise or traffic. Using their prior knowledge, they will discuss what they believe should be included on sites, justifying their answers 


How we enhance our children's experience of Geography at Telferscot

We are incredibly lucky to have Tooting Common nearby, which gives us the opportunity to explore our local area in more detail. Through trips to Balham library, to visits to Southbank, children at Telferscot are given ample opportunity to become active learners and  

children are constantly exploring the world in various other subjects. In PSHE, pupils explore how their decisions can impact the local environment and begin to understand. As an Eco-School, children are constantly taking pride in their local area and seek out ways to enhance their environment. The broad and diverse nature of geography links well to other subjects, allowing us to embrace all learning opportunities!