‘Teaching for Mastery’ Approach
At Telferscot, we have been working closely with the DfE-funded South West London Maths Hub to develop ‘teaching for mastery’ in our maths lessons. The National Curriculum objectives are taught in themed blocks to allow children time to deepen their understanding and mathematical thinking. By grouping key concepts and patterns, the children will be able to make connections with other areas of maths and apply their skills to a range of problems. We use a ‘teaching for mastery’ approach to provide our children with an opportunity to build upon prior learning through carefully crafted small steps that lead to a deeper understanding of mathematical concepts.
Classes will include carefully chosen mixed ability pairings that work together and talk through ideas. Children will move at broadly the same pace through the curriculum and take ownership of their learning through short tasks and discussions. They explore concepts and discover patterns and structures within maths using a range of different manipulatives (moveable resources/objects), visual representations and methods to support and extend their understanding.
Independent work is structured to include three layered tasks that are carefully planned to deepen children’s understanding as they move through each one. Tasks are based on the same concept and allow children to show that they have mastered the learning objective through a range of problems such as proving answers, spotting mistakes, reasoning and reflecting. Children will be supported and challenged throughout the lesson through targeted questioning and challenges.
At Telferscot, we understand the importance of children understanding and using the correct mathematical vocabulary when explaining their maths. They are encouraged to speak in full sentences when sharing answers, using the relevant mathematical language and explaining their reasons. Teachers support the structure of their sentences through the use of talk frames, stem sentences, word mats and maths displays. This oral practice will also help the children to structure answers when solving new problems independently.
Children are expected to have quick recall of a range of mental number facts and be able to apply them to other areas of their maths learning. At Telferscot, we prioritise learning number facts to ensure children can focus on using a range of different strategies as they move through the school, without relying on counting.
By the end of KS1:
- Children should be able to name, know and make connections between number bonds within 20 and the subtraction facts to name.
By the end of Year 4:
- Children should know their times tables to 12x12 and the division facts to match. They will be able to apply these facts confidently during lessons and understand the patterns within them and relationship with others.
The Mathematics Curriculum
EYFS (Nursery and Reception) - Maths is one of the four specific areas within the Early Years Foundation Stage. Each specific area is divided into Early Learning Goals, for maths these are:
Numbers - children learn to count and the value of numbers, higher and lower. These skills support them to solve problems, use money and calculate more or less.
Shape, Space and Measure - these skills support children to understand size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money and compare quantities, objects and solve problems.
Our classroom environments (both indoors and out) are full of mathematical opportunities and have exciting resources for children to explore, sort, compare, count, calculate and describe.
KS1 (Year 1 and 2) - The principal focus of Mathematics teaching in Key Stage 1 is to ensure that pupils develop confidence and mental fluency with whole numbers, counting and place value. This involves working with numerals, words and the 4 operations (addition, subtraction, division and multiplication), including with practical resources, for example, manipulatives and measuring tools. At this stage, children develop their ability to recognise, describe, draw, compare and sort different shapes and use the related vocabulary. They also develop confidence using a range of measures to describe and compare different quantities such as length, mass, capacity/volume, time and money. By the end of Year 2, children should know the number bonds to 20 and be precise in using and understanding place value. They should also be able to recall their 2, 5 and 10 times tables.
Lower KS2 (Year 3 and 4) –The aim is for children to develop efficient written and mental methods and perform calculations accurately with increasingly large whole numbers. At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to solve a range of problems, including those with simple fractions and decimal place value. Children should increase their accuracy and develop mathematical reasoning, making connections between measure and number. By the end of this stage, Children should be able to memorise their multiplication tables up to (and including) the 12 times table.
Upper KS2 (Year 5 and 6) – Children should extend their understanding of the number system and place value to include larger integers. They should develop the connections between multiplication and division with fractions, decimals, percentages and ratio. Children should enhance their ability to solve a wider range of problems, including complex properties of numbers, arithmetic and problems. Language of algebra should be introduced as a means for solving a variety of problems. Children should continue to classify shapes with complex geometric properties, using vocabulary needed to describe them. Pupils should read, spell and pronounce mathematical vocabulary correctly.
How to support your child:
Times tables/number bonds- Regular practice of the number facts suitable to the year group of your child. This will support wider areas within maths (e.g. calculation methods and geometry)
Mathletics- Regular practice using this fantastic resource (paid for by the school). Using Mathletics, children can improve their mental maths by challenging their friends and other children around the world on live Mathletics. Also, children can complete specific tasks (linked to national curriculum objectives) set for homework or in addition to consolidate learning outside the class. www.mathletics.com
Espresso- This is an extensive education resource paid for by the school. There are a number of mathematical resources on this websites ready for the children to use. These include: video tutorials; quizzes; worksheets and interactive games. As previous, this follows the national curriculum objectives. Children need their USO usernames and passwords- speak to your class teacher for more information! www.espresso.co.uk
Mathsisfun- This website is a one-stop shop for maths vocabulary and calculation methods. There are fantastic tutorials and step-by-step guides to support. www.mathsisfun.com
BBC Bitesize Maths- This is another interactive and engaging website support for maths. Using this BBC website, children can revise and consolidate knowledge of skills and understanding in maths - www.bbc.co.uk/education.
Numberblocks – A fantastic BBC series to develop knowledge of number bonds in EYFS and KS1.
If you have any questions regarding Maths, please speak to your class teacher or the Maths lead, Miss Diplock (Mastery Specialist for South-West London)